Meissen Factory Marks Meissen used a variety of factory and maker’s marks from its inception, but the famous crossed-swords didn’t become the official Meissen mark until 1722-23.
Since 1722-23, to this day, the crossed-swords Meissen mark has always been a hand-painted blue under-glaze mark.
Finally the very detailed 70 page Directory section then provides a wide range of historical, dating, geographical and mythological information, where available, for each mark. Although they are not found frequently on Chinese ceramics their potential diversity is considerable.
Printed on high quality, 115 gsm silk art paper, sealed after printing and hard bound in red Balacron faux leather with gold blocking, coloured end papers and silk headers. My dating table above will, with a little familiarity, enable the user to translate most types of date mark. Years are given unique names within the 60 year cycle by combining two characters.
Seller described set as exquisite Meissen quality – and the photos did show that the set was gorgeous; to an untrained eye, but even so, it was not up to Meissen’s standards, and there was no mention that the factory mark showed that Meissen deemed the set to be unsuitable for tableware.
The first of these is taken from The 'Ten Heavenly Stems' and the second from 'The Twelve Earthly Branches'.
This results in the Ten Stems recurring six times and the Twelve Branches only five times providing a unique set of non-recurring combinations throughout the 60 year cycle, known as the jiazi, The main problem with this system is that without any further information there is no way of knowing which cycle you are dealing with.
For example, the mythical company of "Ralph Ltd." was founded in 1820.
This company bought "Terry and Son," a company started in 1840.